|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild|
Tamarind grows best in drier areas of the tropics, though it can also do well in much wetter, monsoon areas so long as there is a distinct dry season.
It is found at elevations up to 1,500 metres.
It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 – 35°c, but can tolerate 12 – 45°c.
When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -3°c, but young growth can be severely damaged at -1°c.
The plant is very sensitive to frost.
It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 800 – 3,000mm, but tolerates 300 – 4,500mm.
In India, it is not grown commercially in areas receiving more than 1,900mm of rain a year and in the wet tropics, with over 4,000 mm of rain, flowering and fruit setting is significantly reduced.
Regardless of total annual rainfall, a long, well-marked dry season is necessary for fruiting.