|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild|
It is also grown as a timber crop, for its edible and medicinal uses, as a nurse crop for slower-growing species and as a shade tree for coffee and nutmeg.
The raw seeds are poisonous.
A plant of the humid, lowland tropics and subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 400 metres.
It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 – 28°c, but can tolerate 12 – 36°c.
It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 3,000 – 5,000mm, but tolerates 2,000 – 6,000mm.
Seed – raw or cooked.
They can be roasted, shelled and then eaten with rice.
The seeds are easily digested and are enjoyed by children and adults alike.
The bright red seeds taste like soya beans and contain 25% oil plus 39% protein.
They contain considerable quantities of lignoceric acid – a 24-carbon straight-chain saturated fatty acid.
The seed may require boiling to neutralize toxicity.