Plants succeed in the dry to moist tropics and subtropics, growing in areas where the annual rainfall is in the range 500 – 2,700 mm and the average annual temperatures is 18 – 29°c.
Plants are vulnerable to frost.
Prefers a deep, well-drained, moderately fertile sandy loam and a position in full sun.It seems to favour calcareous and red, volcanic soils, but is also found on sandy and loamy soils with a pH of 5.5 – 8.7.
Tolerates some shade.
Established plants are fairly drought resistant.
The plants are slow-growing and generally take 8 – 10 years from sowing to flowering.
This period can be reduced by vegetative propagation.
At the beginning of flowering, the whole crown is covered with flowers; sporadic flowering continues for up to 3 months.
The seeds take about a year to ripen.
The tree coppices well and produces root suckers freely.
It does not compete well with weeds.