Garcinia mangostana, commonly called mangosteen, is an erect, slow-growing, tropical tree with a pyramidal crown that is native to the rainforests of Malaysia and Indonesia. In its native habitat, this tree will grow to 80′ tall, but in most other tropical locations it typically matures to 40-50′ tall. Large, glossy, leathery, elliptic leaves (to 20″ long) are evergreen. Trees are dioecious (separate male and female trees), but female flowers will produce seedless fruit without pollination. Four-petaled female flowers are yellow-red with a cluster of center stamens that produce no pollen. Hermaphroditic flowers are yellow-green with red petal margins. Fruits (to 4″ diameter) have thick inedible rinds that mature to reddish-purple.
Planting & Caring –
Acceptable growth requires rich soils in hot and humid tropical climates, abundant water (over 150″ per year), and air temperatures that do not fall below 40 degrees F. nor rise above 100 degrees F. Propagation is from fresh seed, but it takes 8-12 years before fruit first appears.